The Science Museum in London conducted a survey of 50,000 people in which they were asked to, of all scientific inventions in history that have been developed throughout history, chose which considered more important.

10,000 people chose the X-ray machine as the most important technological invention, leaving it first. Now step to enunciators Top10 list, but in the end want to see if the view Matt Ridley is met here.

Ridley argues that many of the scientific inventions in history have not been made by scientists but by businessmen or men of business savvy. But now the list (and then the controversy):

1- X-ray machine X-rays story begins with experiments British scientist William Crookes, who investigated in the nineteenth century the effects of certain gases when subjected to power surges. Being close to photographic plates, generated in the same some blurry images. Until November 8, 1895 X-rays were not discovered; by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen physical. For his discovery in 1901 was awarded the first Nobel Prize in physics.

2- Penicillin. Although generally attributed to Alexander Fleming’s discovery of penicillin, many eras and cultures came through observation and experience to know and use the antibacterial properties of molds.

10- Electric telegraph. It was invented by American Samuel Morse in 1832. The first sentence was telegraphed what God hath wrought.

Are inventions come from men of business savvy? For example, the steam engine. In its development they contributed Thomas Newcomen, James Watt, Richard Trevithick and George Stephenson. Three of them were unaware of any scientific theory, and historians disagree on whether the fourth, Watt , was influenced by theory . They were the ones who made it possible theories vacuum and the laws of thermodynamics, not vice versa.

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